Relevant Bibliography


WALLAS, G. (1926) The Art of Thought
(edited by) GLOVER, J.A. (1989) The Handook of Creativity
GUILFORD, J. P. (1950) Creativity Research: Past, Present and Future"
KOELSTER, A (1964) The Act Of Creation
CSIKSZENTMIHALYI, M (1997) Creativity: The Flow and Psychology of Discovery and Invention
ARCHER, B (1995) The Nature Of Research


Talks / Videos:

Presentation and notes

-introduction of the question and approach taken
-seems straight forward at first
-came across a wide variety of points of view
-deconstructing the question, looking at how different factor can play into the creative process, what makes us be creative

-graham dallas theory of the 4 different stages of the creative process
-one of the first theories
-First there is a stage of preparation, where information is collected. It is a conscious process, where there is a need to obtain as much information as possible. We can relate this to when we are conducting a project and we have to go through the process of researching about what we're going to work on. After this, the stage of incubation takes place, where information and knowledge previously acquired will be left to linger on your subconscious. After a while, the stage of inspiration takes place (your breakthrough moment, where you find a solution), leading to the verification stage, where must verify and confirm that our solution is adequate and successful.

-guilford's quote on personality
-personality is formed of a lot of different components, all of which are related to other components
-the big 5 personality traits (chose to speak about openness and consciousness as more important in the creative process)

-openness to experience would be the factor that is mostly associated with creativity. The more open we are to experience new things, the more variety of perspectives we can absorb and input into our work.

 -conscientiousness is related to being sensible and knowing the right way to conduct your work, adequate to each situation

-example of Peter Saville's poster for the Factory Night in Master in 1978, where the designer spent too much time wotking on it and only sent it through on the night of the event, thus cancelling out the purpose of the poster

-Guilford's quote about intelligence not being linked to creativity
-Guilford was someone who spent a lot of time studying human intelligence

-everyone can be creative, regardless of how intelligent they are. But some people will engage on that ability more than others, depending on their interests and personality. Intelligence can play a part on how you work within that creative process.

-John Cleese's theory about creativity
- one of the most celebrated creative minds of the 20th century, pivotal to the creative process of Monthy Python's work
-interested in the subject of creativity, wrote articles, books and gave talks
-his theory entails an "Oasis of Time and Space" 

-His opinion is that one can achieve a state of creativity by setting an appropriate mood. 

He calls this the “Open Mode”, in which the creator is relaxed and has the ability to explore. The “Closed Mode” is a mode where stress is involved and creativity is hard to achieve, and it's linked to the state people are in most of the time, immersed in their everyday routines. According to Cleese, there are five factors that will facilitate the achieving of the Open Mode. They are: Space (you need to seal yourself off and create your own space), Time (you need to know when to do your work), Time II (you need to know you have to spend time working on your problem and not be bothered by the anxiety that comes with making mistakes and trying), Confidence (you must ensure you don't let mistakes knock your confidence "When you're in that Time and Space Oasis nothing will stop you being creative so effectively as the fear of making a mistake".) and Humour (laughter brings relaxation).
-show John Cleese's talk clip about the story of him understanding why his scripts were better than his colleague's(he would spend more time reflecting on it and not settle for an average solution)

 -Scott Adams' quote
-link with John Cleese's view about spending an appropriate time to work on the problem, not being afraid of being uncomfortable and that anxiety that comes with it. 
-it will ultimately lead to a good thing

-opportunity to test some of Cleese's theories and find out more about people's behaviour when they create
conducted a short survey as part of my primary research


-This was a very interesting exercise (although I had less responses than what I would have liked), which turned out to confirm some of Cleese's thoughts, especially when it comes to people having to create their own environment, and the fact that being stressed can be a disabling factor. The fact that different habits can have affect on how people like to work  is also very interesting, we can see they find comfort in different things.